Apicius, P re culinaria, an early assortment of recipes.
The earliest identified written recipes day to 1730 BC and were recorded on cuneiform pills within Mesopotamia.
Other early written recipes time from approximately 1600 BC and come from an Akkadian pill from southern Babylonia. Additionally there are works in old Egyptian hieroglyphs depicting the planning of food.
Several old Greek recipes are known. Mithaecus’s cook book was an early on one, but most of it has been missing; Athenaeus estimates one short formula in his Deipnosophistae. Athenaeus says a great many other cookbooks, them all lost.
Roman recipes are known starting in the second century BCE with Cato the Elder’s Delaware Agri Cultura. Many writers with this time described eastern Mediterranean cooking in Greek and in Latin. Some Punic recipes are identified in Greek and Latin translation.
The big collection of recipes Delaware re coquinaria, conventionally called Apicius, seemed in the 4th or 5th century and is the only complete remaining cook book from the classical world. It lists the classes offered in a meal as Gustatio (appetizer), Primae Mensae (main course) and Secundae Mensae (dessert). Each menu begins with the Latin command “Take…,” “Recipe….”
Arabic recipes are noted starting in the 10th century; see al-Warraq and al-Baghdadi.
The first menu in Persian dates from the 14th century. A few recipes have survived from the full time of Safavids, including Karnameh (1521) by Mohammad Ali Bavarchi, which includes the cooking instruction in excess of 130 various meals and pastries, and Madat-ol-Hayat (1597) by Nurollah Ashpaz. Formula books from the Qajar period are numerous, the absolute most notable being Khorak-ha-ye Irani by king Nader Mirza.
Master Richard II of Britain commissioned a recipe guide called Forme of Cury in 1390, and around once, another guide was published called Curye on Inglish, “cury” indicating cooking. Equally books give an impact of how food for the noble courses was organized and served in Britain at that time. The magnificent taste of the aristocracy in the Early Contemporary Period produced with it the begin of what can be called the present day recipe book. By the 15th century, numerous manuscripts were appearing explaining the recipes of the day. A number of these manuscripts provide very good data and record the re-discovery of numerous herbs and herbs including coriander, parsley, basil and rosemary, many which have been brought back from the Crusades.